Skin cancer is an abnormal growth of the skin cells caused by damage to the skin, usually from repeated exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays. 1 In 2016, skin cancer accounted for 3.6% of new cancer cases in Hong Kong and cases both non-melanoma and melanoma continue to steadily rise.
The three main types of skin cancer are; 1
- Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
- Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
Squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma are both non-melanoma skin cancers. Melanomas are among the deadliest cancers, accounting for 75 per cent of all skin cancer deaths.3 Less common kinds of skin cancer include Kaposi’s sarcoma, Merkel cell carcinoma and sebaceous gland carcinoma.3